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Shark ((NEW))

Shark fishing from shore? Be sure to take the Shark-Smart Fishing educational course at and get your Shore-based Shark Fishing permit. Both are required when fishing for shark from shore and must be renewed annually.


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Prohibited shark species must remain in the water with the gills submerged when fishing from shore or from a vessel, and prohibited shark species must be released without delay when fishing from the shore. If hook removal will delay release, cut the hook or the leader as close to the hook as possible.

If you plan to target or keep sharks caught from shore, including structures attached to shore such as jetties, bridges and piers, you are required to pass an online educational course found at

Recreational anglers fishing for or harvesting sharks in state waters are not required to hold the federal HMS vessel permit. However, if you are fishing from a HMS-permitted vessel, you must comply with the permit requirements when fishing in both state and federal waters.

Sharks are apex predators that play an important role in marine ecosystems. Releasing sharks in a way that increases their chance of survival is an important step toward achieving and maintaining healthy, sustainable shark populations.

Not every encounter with a shark is intentional or wanted. Sharks have been known to take fish off the line and even bite boat motors. These negative shark interactions are an unfortunate side effect of healthy and sustainable shark populations. While it may be unfavorable, the best way to avoid negative interactions with sharks is to move to another area and away from where shark activity is occurring.

The 2022 worldwide total of 57 confirmed unprovoked cases is lower than the most recent five-year (2017-2021) average of 70 incidents annually. There were nine shark-related fatalities this year, five of which are assigned as unprovoked. This number is in line with the 5 year annual global average of six unprovoked fatalities per year.

Consistent with long-term trends, the United States recorded the most unprovoked shark bites in 2022, with 41 confirmed cases. This is lower than the 47 incidents that occurred in the U.S. in 2021. The 41 cases represent 72% of the worldwide total. This is an increase from 2021 when 64% of the worldwide unprovoked bites occurred in the U.S.

Short-term trends show both fatal and non-fatal bites to be decreasing. The total number of unprovoked shark bites worldwide is extremely low, given the number of people participating in aquatic recreation each year. Fatality rates have been declining for decades, reflecting advances in beach safety, medical treatment and public awareness.

Relative to other marine fish, sharks are characterized by relatively slow growth, late sexual maturity, and a small number of young per brood. These biological factors make many shark species vulnerable to overfishing. Sharks are captured in directed fisheries and also as bycatch in other non-directed fisheries. Many shark species have been over-exploited because their fins are highly valued for shark fin soup. Globally, there is a general lack of data reporting on the catch of sharks, particularly species-specific data. For these reasons, sharks present many challenges for fisheries conservation and management.

Sharks were first included in Appendix II of Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in 2003 after the Conference of the Parties to CITES decided to include the basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus) and whale shark (Rhincodon typus). Species included in Appendix II are not necessarily threatened with extinction, but trade in them is controlled to avoid utilization incompatible with their survival.

Since then, a number of other shark and ray species have been added to Appendix II including, porbeagle shark, scalloped, great, smooth, and hammerhead shark, oceanic whitetip shark, thresher shark, silky shark, and all manta and devil rays. At the 2019 Conference of the Parties, shortfin and longfin mako shark, giant guitarfish, and wedgefishes were added to Appendix II. All species of sawfishes are in Appendix I which prohibits any commercial trade.

The program lasts for approximately 90 minutes and includes an educational and engaging orientation on the biology, care, training, study, and conservation of different shark and ray species; an exclusive behind the scenes look at the shark habitat; an immersive encounter experience, and presentation of a souvenir photograph.

Guests will have the opportunity to have an intimate, up-close experience with sharks and rays. There are a variety of activities that can take place at the discretion of the Aquarium staff while interacting with and even touching the animals. Participating in training techniques and feeding may be part of the experience if it is appropriate to do so based upon the discretion of the program staff. Each program is tailored to ensure a safe and engaging experience for both our animals and our guests. As a result, each program may be a little different.

But 75% of shark species are currently threatened with extinction. Because sharks and rays are generally slow to reproduce, the constant onslaught of threats, including shark finning, fisheries bycatch and threats to the ocean ecosystem are causing severe declines in populations that are already hard to monitor.

In the U.S., Defenders and our conservation allies are pressuring the National Marine Fisheries Service to comply with its conservation and oversight obligations for oceanic whitetip sharks and giant manta rays mandated by the Endangered Species Act after the agency listed both species as threatened in 2018 in response to our listing petitions.

Only eat sustainable seafood, do not consume shark fin soup and make sure you know what species of fish you purchase. Choose responsible snorkel and dive operators and treat wild animals with respect. Speak up for habitat and wildlife protections.

Most sharks are especially active in the evening or at night. Some sharks migrate over great distances to feed and breed. This can take them over entire ocean basins. While some shark species are solitary, others display social behavior at various levels. Rays may school together or may live solitary lives except during mating season.

Some sharks and rays lay eggs, but many give birth to live young. Species that lay eggs lay a leathery egg case (you might find them on the beach and call them mermaid purses). Combined with the fact that many species only give birth to one or two pups at a time, sharks and rays have great difficulty recovering from population declines.

The phrase is no longer limited to contexts involving entertainment; anything that undergoes a significant change for the worse that marks the start of a period of decline can be said to have "jumped the shark":

In 2022, Breton also made an appearance just off the shore of Myrtle Beach, South Carolina, which caused a lot of panic for residents. Luckily, OCEARCH subdued residents by explaining that the giant shark was at least 60 miles offshore.

Ironbound is a massive male shark first tagged in Nova Scotia, Canada, in 2019. He measures 12 foot four inches and weighs about 996 pounds. Researchers named the shark after West Ironbound Island, located near Lunenburg, where he was first spotted. Ironbound traveled about 13,000 miles since being tagged. However, in 2022 his tracker pinged off the coast of New Jersey.

This summer Shark Lab members will be visiting multiple beaches across Southern California. During these events graduate, undergraduate students and lab staff will teach you interesting facts about sharks and the technology that the lab is using to study these amazing creatures. Kids will also learn how to enjoy the beach while being safe with our beach safety tips.

Some older dictionaries derived the word from Latin c(h)archarias, c(h)acharus (from Ancient Greek), but admit that "the requisite [Old French] forms intermediate between E. shark and L. carcharus are not found, and it is not certain that the name [shark] was orig. applied to the fish; it may have been first used of a greedy man".[2]

We invite you to submit your observations of sharks in the wild. The observations you submit help biologists record the presence of sharks in New York State waters and also help to further the understanding of local shark ecology and behavior.

Dead sharks are retrieved by DEC whenever possible in order to record information such as species, sex, and length, and document the carcass with pictures and its stranding location coordinates. DEC coordinates with a network of researchers to complete in-depth exams on recovered sharks.

To report your sighting of dead sharks, use DEC's Marine Life Incident Report online survey. For questions or more information about fish kills, contact or call 631-444-0714.

NOAA Fisheries finalized a fishery management plan and began managing the U.S. shark fishery in federal waters in 1993. For information about the federal management of Atlantic Sharks, visit NOAA Fisheries Atlantic Highly Migratory Species (leaves DEC website).

Coastwide management of sharks in state waters is regulated by the Atlantic States Marine Fisheries Commission's (ASMFC) Coastal Shark Management Board. ASMFC Approved the Interstate Fishery Management Plan for Atlantic Coastal Sharks in 2008. For more information about coastwide management of shark species in state waters, visit ASMFC's Coastal Sharks (leaves DEC website).

This rule maintains consistency with interstate and federal management plans and was adopted as part of a larger rebuilding program for the North Atlantic shortfin mako. For current shark fishing limits, check DEC Recreational Saltwater Fishing Limits.

After spending the summer in the northern part of their range, the salmon shark migrates south to breed. In the western North Pacific they migrate to Japanese waters whereas in the eastern North Pacific, the salmon shark breeds off the coast of Oregon and California. Males mature at 5 years of age and females at 8-10 years. Salmon sharks breed in late summer to early autumn. The internal developmental period in salmon sharks last 9 months. Developing embryos will consume unfertilized eggs in the womb. The female give birth to live young. Once the sharks are born, they are completely independent, and they have to fend for themselves 041b061a72

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